Learning Progressions for English Language Arts


The K-12 English Language Arts standards are spiraling, with an increasing level of difficulty embedded into the each grade-specific standard as it approaches the College and Career Readiness Anchor Standard.  These spiraling standards lead to growth along the trajectory of each standard as students study the same skill set yearly, but at ever-increasing increments of complexity and sophistication.  This repeated exposure breaks complex learning expectations into manageable teaching and learning targets.  (Wiggs, 2011). 

The following example of learning progressions shows the evolution of standards from Kindergarten to College and Career.  New skills and concepts are featured in bold to indicate their addition to the standard.  Access the entire ELA Learning Progressions Document

Learning Progression for Reading Information Standard 1

 CCR Reading Anchor Standard 1: Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from text.

RI.11-12.1 Grades 11-12:

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

RI.9-10.1

Grades 9-10

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

RI.8.1

Grade 8

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

RI.7.1

Grade 7

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

RI.6.1

Grade 6

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

RI.5.1

Grade 5

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.4.1

Grade 4

Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.3.1

Grade 3

Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

RI.2.1

Grade 2

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

RI.1.1

Grade 1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

RI.K.1

Grade K

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

Comments