Sentence Frames

Sentence Frames

Sentence frames provide students with a mental model for constructing sentences using newly acquired vocabulary, content and concepts.  Teachers in every classroom can use sentence frames to scaffold instruction, jump start student writing and formatively assess learning.  Sentence frames are especially helpful in building the vocabulary and language skills of ELLs & LEPs because they provide clear a clear model of appropriate sentence structure and context rich language to help students make meaningful connections.

In order to write, student must have an idea to write, the appropriate words to write it, and a suitable structure in which to express it.  Sentence frames help students master the various kinds of language structures in which to express ideas clearly.     The table below provides sentence frames and related transitions for use in the classroom.

McCracken, R. A., & McCracken, M. J. (1987). Stories, Songs, and Poetry to Teach Reading and Writing: Literacy through Language. Winnipeg: Peguis. 

Relationship or

Connection

Sentence Frame

Examples

Transitions

Describe

The ________ has____, and___________.

How does the _________?

Why did/didn’t the _____________?

__________is located (prepositional phrase)the ____. 

The _________are usually _________.

For example, For instance, In support of this, In fact, As evidence

 

 

 

Argument

Agree or Disagree

I don’t think the evidence supports_________

because__________________________.

I don’t agree with that statement because

____________________________.

As we just saw in the experiment, ____________

does _____________ due to _______________.

 

 

I realize you

Believe

But

 

I understand you

Feel

Yet

 

Even though you

Maintain

However

 

Although you

Want

I doubt

 

Some people

Favor

I question

It may be that you

Support

Let me explain

On the contrary

Argue

On the other hand

Cite information

Here we see that____________________.

The data shows that_______________.

The (author/text) reveals that_____________.

As evidence, I notice

Estimate

Looking at the ___________________, I

think there are_______________.

Approximately,  About, Roughly,

Retell

First, _____________, next__________, and

then___________.

 

as has been noted, in other words, indeed, as I have said, in short, on the whole, for example, in sum, to be sure,

for instance, in brief, to sum up,

in fact, in any event

Hypothesize &

Make predictions

I think ________ will ________. 

What I already know about ____ helps me predict that __________.

Because _____, I predict that ___.

If _____ had____, then____would have ____________.

In my opinion, There is no doubt that, I question whether, I believe, From my point of view, I (dis)agree, It is my belief that, It seems to me that, I maintain that

Give and support opinions

(I think) __________ is ___________because_________.

(I like) ________ because __________.

First, Furthermore, Besides, Further, Second, In addition, Next, Again, Third, Also, Moreover, Similarly, Finally, Last, again, first, moreover, also, further, next, and furthermore, nor, and then, in addition, secondly, besides, last, thirdly, equally, important, lastly, too, finally, likewise

 

Cause and effect

The _________ had ___________ so _______.

Due to the fact that ___________, ________decided to _________.

 

 

 

 

Since, Caused by, In effect, Because of, This results in, Brought about, Due to, Consequently, Made possible, For this reason, Accordingly, As might be expected,

Therefore, As a result of, Give rise to,

If…then, Leads to, Was responsible for

Draw conclusions

The ____________ is ______________

because________________________

She/He feels _____________ because ________.

For the reasons above, To sum up, In short,  In brief, As you can see, To be sure, Undoubtedly, In any event, As I have noted, Without a doubt, In conclusion, In any case, In other words, In summation, Obviously, Concluding, On the whole, Unquestionably, Summarizing

Compare

This __________ is similar to _______because both ____________________.

 

in like manner, likewise, similarly, as well as,  compared to, in the same way, have in common, all are

Contrast

This _____________ is different from _________ because one has _________ and the

other doesn’t_________.

 

after all, for all that, on the other hand,

although, this may be true, however, on the contrary, and yet, in contrast to this, still,

at the same time, nevertheless, yet,

but notwithstanding, as opposed to, conversely, even though, rather than, in spite of

Sequence

We saw that first, __________, then, _________

and at the end, ______________.

 

Again, first, moreover, also, further, next,

and furthermore, nor, and then, in addition, secondly, besides, last, thirdly, equally  important, lastly, too, finally, likewise,

after a few days, immediately, meanwhile,

afterward, in the meantime, soon, at length

Measure

A __ is__ cm. long,__ cm. wide and ___cm. tall.

This ____ holds a volume of

____ ml.

Before we ____, the liquid_____, but now it ________.

Approximately,  About, Roughly, estimate

Construct charts, tables and graphs

Plot _________ and ___________.

Plot __________ as ____________.

Graph the independent variable ________ as a

function of _______________.

Plot, graph, function, variable, direction, quadrant, coordinate, plane, slope,

Distinguish fact from opinion

Although you say ______________, the table

says that ____________________.

The word _____ is evidence that ___ is a(n) _______.

This is a(n) ________because we can/cannot prove ___________.

Although, As opposed to, whether or not, on the contrary, in spite of

Summarize

The main idea from this observation is that

____________________________.

In short __________, but actually ________.

as has been noted, in other words, indeed,

as I have said, in short, on the whole,

for example, in sum, to be sure, for instance, in brief, to sum up, in fact, in any event

Identify relationships

This ________is necessary for ___________

because it _______________________.

Both ______and ______ could be classified as ______. 

The reason _____ goes with _______ is because __________.

Since, Caused by, In effect, Because of, This results in, Brought about, Due to,  Consequently, Made possible, For this reason, Accordingly, As might be expected,

Therefore, As a result of, Give rise to,

If…then, Leads to, Was responsible for

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rhonda_kaye@dpsnc.net,
Jul 11, 2013, 7:27 AM
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