writing routines are simple ways to incorporating writing into classroom
instruction in a meaningful way. The
table below provides more information about a few daily writing routines and
how to implement them in any classroom. Writing
requirements for each grade level is delineated in Section 2 of this document.
| Routine || Purpose|| Steps|
| Sentence Frames & Transitions|| This daily routine
provides simple sentence structures and transition words/phrases to help
students understand. || 1. Teacher provides students with
categorized sentence frames and transitions.|
2. Teacher uses sentence frames and
transitions to support students in the following ways:
3. Students use sentence frames and
- to give
- to introduce
new information and concepts
- to guide
students to identify main ideas & details
quotes from a text
portions of a text
- combine ideas from
portions of a text or different texts
- show understanding of the relationships between/among
ideas and information
| Writing Frames|| This routine provides
context rich language frames to help students identify key details and
relationships between ideas.|| |
creates a text-dependent question or task.
- Teacher writes a possible and acceptable
response to the task, including appropriate transitions.
- Teacher removes the key details from the
response, leaving part of the topic sentence and guiding transitions.
provides this writing frame to guide student comprehension and
summarization of text.
- As students become
more proficient, gradually remove parts of the frame.
| Summarizing || This routine guides
students to determine central ideas of or reliable inferences from a text by
asking and answering text based questions.|| 1. Teacher
provides the text-dependent question or
task of annotating the text using the following questions:|
3. Students use the words they underlined and wrote in
the margin, to write a short summary.
- What essential
words and phrases do you need to KEEP? (underline)
- What trivial information can you DELETE
without changing the meaning? (cross out)
- What words can you SUBSTITUTE for other words and not change the meaning?
(write in the margin)
Paraphrasing|| This routine supports
close reading of a text and citation of complex textual evidence.|
provides a text-dependent question or task that includes selecting a quote from
- Read a
selection (teacher, student pairs or individual students).
select and cite a quote from text to answer the given question/task.
restate the quote in other words using academic language. Students may use sentence frames to help them
- Students write
a short paragraph that explains how the selected quote answers the given
should achieve the following:
- Clearly state
how the selected quote answers the question or task.
textual evidence to support their explanation.
- Explain how the textual evidence supports their choice
of quote to answer the given question/task.